Inexpensive and Effective for Confining Cats to Yard
This cat fence is not appropriate for feral cat colonies !
This document is a Fact Sheet compiled and copyrighted by Alley Cat Allies. They are at P.O. Box 397, Mount Rainier, MD 20712. It is presented here by the Feral Cat Coalition for informational purposes. There may be individual items or procedures that differ slightly between the FCC and ACA. Our goals, however, are the same.
FCC Note: This fence will not keep out predators (e.g. owls & coyotes). In high risk areas, cats should be kept indoors.
This cat fence is made of netting material that can go on an existing fence or be put up even without a fence. The net "gives", which is why cats will not climb it. First, determine which section(s) of instructions you need for your yard:
If you have an existing chain link or any fence under 5 feet high, see section I for supplies and instructions necessary for installing the "netting" fence to your existing fence.
If you have no existing fence, see Section II for installation of a chicken wire fence and also Section I for the netting.
If you have an existing wooden privacy fence (5 feet or higher) use only Section III.
Materials, Costs, and Sources
Garden net: Internet Corporation, 2730 Nevada Avenue North, Minneapolis, MN 55427; 1-800-328-8456. Mention Alley Cat Allies for 15% discount.
Polypropylene net 1 ½ " x 1 ½ " (this size hole is least visible) 208" wide (cut into strips of 69"); Product number OV-4885 $.032 / sq. ft.
Example: fence perimeter = 150 ft., order 50 ft. of net (208"/12" x 50ft. x .032 = $27.31).
Garden Poles: Available in garden centers and hardware stores with garden supply departments. The poles are green vinyl wrapped around aluminum. Seven feet is the best height. Each pole costs approximately $3.49.
Fishing line: Black fishing line is least visible. Twice the fence perimeter is required. Example: fence = 150ft., line needed = 300ft.
Wire: 16 gauge. Fence requires 1 ½ ft. per garden pole. Cost: approximately $3.29 / 100 ft.
Materials and Tools for Chain Link or Similar Fence Under 5 Feet High
Garden poles (7 ft.)
½" Staples for staple gun
Clippers or pruning shears
Loppers or pruning saw
Instructions for Installing "Net" Fence on Existing Chain Link Fence
Clear fence of plant growth. Prune shrubs to clear space for net. Examine chain link for any holes or gaps along bottom. Repair with chicken wire, wood boards, or dirt as necessary. Tree guard can be installed on trees (see Miscellaneous Notes).
Cut netting. Roll out and cut so each strip is 69" wide. Caution: twigs easily catch and tangle in net. Be careful not to accidentally tear holes in net.
Prepare garden poles. Secure pole, then staple with gun pressed firmly against side of pole point. If staple does not penetrate evenly and securely, remove with pliers and try again. Put two staples in pointed end of pole before pole is attached to fence (staples are used to attach net to poles by threading with fishing line).
Affix pole to chain link fence with stapled end up. Pole does not need to penetrate ground. Affix garden pole to inside of chain link pole with wire. Use pliers to twist wire in three places on each set of poles. Poles should be no more than 10-12 ft. apart.
Use twist ties to attach net to staple on top of garden pole. Wherever pieces of netting must be joined be sure to leave an overlap of netting. Pull net along fence to next pole and attach in same manner. Net should be taut but not pulled tight and should fall to inside of fence.
a. Weave fishing line through top of entire net from staple to staple, moving horizontally for length of fence.
b. Fishing line should be woven through both (together) chain link and net just below top of chain link fence to prevent cats from slipping under.
c. Only weave netting vertically to end poles where netting strips join together.
Materials and Tools for a Chicken Wire Fence
Chicken wire (3 ft. high, 1" mesh)
Chicken wire stakes, (4 ft.)
Small sledge hammer
Instructions for installing Chicken Wire and Cat Fence
Stakes should be placed every 5 ft. and pounded into ground so that metal flange at bottom of stake is completely underground.
Use flat head screwdriver to slightly pry open metal hooks on stake.
Attach chicken wire to stakes by hooking wire into hooks on stakes. Try to get bottom of chicken wire flush with ground so cats cannot go under it.
Bend hooks back against stake to permanently bind chicken wire to stakes. Do this by holding sledge hammer behind hook on stake, then use regular hammer to pound hook back to stake.
Stake the chicken wire to the ground so cats do not go underneath (i.e., bricks, metal stakes).
Install netting as described in Section I with following adaptations: attach garden poles to every other stake. Netting should be draped inside and woven to chicken wire close to top of wire.
Materials and Tools for Attaching Net to 5 Foot or Taller Wooden Privacy Fence
Flag pole brackets
Wooden dowels (4 ft.) that fit into pole brackets
Garden net (see Section I)
Clippers or pruning shears
Loppers or pruning saw
Instructions for Installing Netting on Wooden Privacy Fence
Clear fence of plant growth. Prune shrubs to clear space for net. Examine fence for any holes or gaps along bottom. Repair with chicken wire, wood boards, or dirt as necessary. Tree guard can be installed on trees (see Miscellaneous Notes).
Cut netting. Roll out and cut so each strip is 69" wide. Caution: twigs are easily caught and tangled in net. Be careful not to accidentally tear holes in net.
Attach flag pole brackets to fence about 4 ft. off ground and about 10 ft. apart.
Put staples securely in tops of wooden dowels. Leave enough room to thread fishing line.
Insert the dowels into brackets. Secure firmly, with wedge or wire if necessary.
a. Attach netting at top and base of poles with twist ties. Vertically weave fishing line around net and poles.
b. Staple net to fence horizontally along bottom seam.
c. Weave fishing line through top of net horizontally from pole to pole and attach to staple on poles.
Birds - It usually takes a few weeks for birds to get used to the fence. If they fly into the fence, they usually bounce off the net and fly over it. Don’t feed birds inside the fence.
Other cats getting into your fence - This can happen if a tree or shed outside of your fence can be used as an access point. Simply let them out by opening your gate. ** Feral Cat Coalition Note ** This fence may not keep determined unneutered cats from leaving or entering the enclosure. All outdoor cats should be sterilized and identified.
Homed or tamed feral cats - These wary animals may be afraid of the fence and should be introduced to it gradually or so that they are not frightened into running through it. They can break through it but it is best that they do not discover that breaking through is an option.
Adjustment period - Cats that are accustomed to being outside usually go through an adjustment period lasting a couple of weeks. They may be angry at you and each other at first. They will search for and probably find ways to escape. Watch them and patch the escape routes. After a while they will no longer search for escape routes. Supervise indoor cats upon initial exposure to the fence as they become familiar with their yard. This lets them "know" their home and return if they do escape.
Trees - To prevent cats from escaping on large trees, aluminum flashing can be wrapped around and nailed to the trunk of the tree. Put the flashing high enough so cats cannot jump above it, and away from branches.
Escape routes - You may have escape routes if your yard has sheds, trees along the fence, or dense shrubbery. In these cases, your fence may require customization. Chicken wire (see Section II) may be used to block escape routes.
Escape artists - Some cats learn to rip or push through the fence. A double layer of netting takes care of this problem.
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